Which of the Ten Commandments Did Adam Break?

Decalogue parchment by Jekuthiel Sofer (1768)

Decalogue parchment by Jekuthiel Sofer (1768)

When Adam ate of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, he broke the:

First Commandment: “He set up a new trinity: belly, self and devil. He set all three ahead of the Lord; anything placed before Him is idolatry.”

Second Commandment: “He set up his own means of worshipping the Lord, rejecting the ordinance that the Lord had plainly appointed.”

Third Commandment: “He took the name of God in vain by despising His attributes and by profaning God’s ordinance, His Word, and His works.”

Fourth Commandment: “He cast away the Sabbath state of rest in which the Lord created him and stained with unholiness everything God had given him.”

Fifth Commandment: “He refused to honor his Father in heaven, forgot his duty to all posterity, and yielded to the temptation of casting off authority.”

Sixth Commandment: “As covenant head, he murdered himself, his wife, and all his posterity. In one sense, he became the greatest murderer who ever lived.

Seventh Commandment: “He committed adultery with the truth and the Word of God, then tried to cover his nakedness with flimsy fig leaves.

Eighth Commandment: “He stole what was not his own, against the will of His Owner and Creator.

Ninth Commandment: “He bore false witness against the Lord by testifying that God’s Word was not to be believed.

Tenth Commandment: “H was discontent with the happy state in which God had placed him and coveted evil to his own ruination.”

Thomas Boston, from Milk & Honey: A Devotional, edited by Joel R. Beeke (Grand Rapids: Reformation Heritage Books, 2010), 31.

For Thomas Boston, the Lord’s Day is a must, “neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night can stay” him from attending to the preaching of God’s word (borrowing from the U.S. Postal Service motto).

I also began to attend the preaching of the Word at Reavlaw, where Mr Erskine had his meeting house, about four miles from Duns. In the summertime company could hardly be missed, and with them, something to be heard, especially in the returning, that was for edification, to which I listened. But in the Winter sometimes it was my lot to go alone, without so much as the benefit of a horse to carry me through Blackadder Water, the wading thereof in sharp, frosty weather, I very well remember. But such things were then easy, for the benefit of the Word, which came with power.

For Thomas Boston’s biography, click here.

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